30 Apr Fire In Random Forests Around The World; Can We Blame Climate Change For Them?
With the changing of the climate, the delicate balance of the world precipitation is also changing. The change in climatic conditions has caused the dry areas to become drier and wetlands to become wetter.
Though there is no direct link between the wildfires and climatic changes, there exists an indirect link between them.
Fossil fuels are regularly burned for satisfying the needs and demands of the ever-increasing population. The smoke that is released during the burning of fuel results in the greenhouse effect which is raising the temperature of the earth. Before we understand the relation between the wildfires and the climatic change, let’s first understand the effects of wildfire and how does it affect us in our lives.
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What Is Wildfire?
Wildfire is also known as wild-land fire. This generally happens in areas that have huge quantities of combustible vegetation growing around the area. Depending upon the type of fire it is classified into different categories. The primary natural cause for any wildfire is either lightning, dry climate, and volcanic eruption.
But the most common reason for starting of any wildfire is the ignition by humans’ beings. There can be various reasons such as sparks from electrical lines, arson, campfires, etc. Spreading of the fire depends on the availability of the combustible vegetation around the fire. The wildfire would move rapidly if the fire found any dry vegetation. The speed would be about 10.8 Km/Hour.
Effects Of Wildfire
Effects of wildfire are different from one place to another place. Wildfire can have wide-ranging and numerous effects on the economy, heritage, and environment.
Impact On Economy
The loss of the economy depends on the total expenses on the firefighting, loss of property, damage to means of income, etc. Restoration of the damaged habitat would also cause another major expense which is very expensive and time taking process.
Impact On Heritage
Wildfire can also cause damage to some historic environmental habitat. There are many historical structures that are protected by vegetation and tree cover. The loss of cover can cause serious damage to these structures.
Impact On The Environment
Wildfire would cause major damage to the ecological balance of the environment. The fire can lead to the death of many animals and plants. Along with the huge quantity of CO2 released would contribute to global warming.
How Climate Change Is Disrupting The Natural Order In The Forest?
The change in climate has caused an imbalance in the precipitation and moisture levels. This has also affected the natural cycle in the forest. High moisture in the plants and trees prevent the ignition of the fire in the forest. Also, dense jungle gives more shade on the ground, which helps in keeping the temperature of the surrounding areas low. Plants have generally had low water content, but they are compensated by the humidity present in the soil.
Due to the change in climate, the temperature of the earth is raising. This rise in temperature of the earth has led to an increase in the rate of evaporation of water both from the ground and the plants. This would eventually create disturbance in the natural ecological cycle in the forest. The plants would dry up due to loss of moisture and humidity thus become more susceptible to fires.
How Climate Change Would Affect Wildfire?
The change in climate would result in the droughts, and heat waves would result in the change in behaviours of the wildfire patterns. According to the studies, climate change is directly related to the occurrence of wildfire.
With the change of climate, the wind flow also changes. This dry air flow would fan the burning fires and help them in spreading faster rate. Many researchers have concluded that these dry winds are the direct result of changes in the climate. They increase the risks of wildfire by approximately 60%.
All in all, we can say that an increase in the rate of fire has an indirect relationship with the change in the climate. These changes in the climate are a result of greenhouse gases that are emitted by the burning of fossil fuel. According to the researchers, these changes would lead to more frequent wildfire all across the world unless some major steps are taken for the conservation of the forest.